Pineapple cultivation

Pineapple cultivation


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Pineapple overview

The pineapple plant is part of the Bromeliads family and represents a perennial plant that comes from Central America, but it can also be grown indoors all over the world, although in the latter case it does not give any fruit.

This plant of bushy origin has the particularity of not reaching a height greater than one meter and in the center of the rosette of leaves that stem will form on whose apical area the inflorescence will form during the summer season.

Among the different varieties, a first-rate role is occupied by the pineapple comosus, whose cultivation is mainly linked to commercial purposes.


Climate and pineapple soil

It is a plant that is really very difficult to grow indoors: in particular, it is complicated to grow the pineapple plant in homes, since it prefers cultivation in the open field.

However, the pineapple plant needs temperatures ranging from fifteen degrees Celsius upwards: in particular, this plant has a preference for sunny environments, as it loves to receive the sun's rays directly.

If it is placed in a very shady place, the risk is that the leaves will see their typical mottling decrease over time.

When the pineapple plant is grown in a place where the temperatures are particularly mild throughout the course of the anus, then it manages to have excellent and continuous growth.

In any case, during the winter season, the pineapple plant tends to slow down its growth.

This plant does not have roots that develop excessively in depth and it is for this reason that repotting is done about every twenty-four months.

To carry out this operation it is necessary to have a soil that is made up of a part of sand and one part of peat.

It is essential that there is, within the soil, an excellent water drainage, so that the formation of risky water stagnations can be avoided.

The pineapple plant needs a constant number of fertilizations, since this operation must be performed on a monthly basis starting from the spring season and up to the moment when the autumn season begins.

It is advisable to use an excellent liquid fertilizer, which can be effectively diluted in the watering water, always trying to use lower doses than what is written on the fertilizer package.

During the other periods of the year, the fertilization operation must be carried out every two months.

The pineapple plant is a plant that does not need any kind of pruning.

The advice is to try to remove those leaves that dry up over time, to make sure that they do not carry the traditional parasitic diseases.

During the summer season, the pineapple blooms: the main characteristic of this moment is undoubtedly represented by the central part of the leaves, since a fleshy stem will develop at this point that will carry the inflorescence with it.


Pineapple exposure and watering

As we have already said, pineapple is one of those plants that prefer all particularly sunny areas, since it prefers to receive direct sunlight.

As for watering, pineapple has very specific needs, since it requires constant irrigation throughout the hot season, that is, for the entire spring and summer.

It is also important to pay particular attention to the fact that the ground never remains with an excessive amount of water, since dangerous water stagnations could form.

During the autumn and winter seasons, it is necessary to reduce irrigation, but always paying attention to always guarantee a minimum amount of water to the plant, otherwise the leaves could be affected.

It is a plant that, for a correct development, needs a particularly humid environment during the beautiful seasons: in this period the leaves must be nebulized and, to always maintain a good level of humidity, the plant pineapple on a saucer filled properly with pebbles and a good amount of water at the bottom of it.

On particularly hot days, the water in the jar will become steam, making the surrounding environment more humid.


Pineapple cultivation: Pineapple diseases

It is a particularly resistant plant, especially during the winter period.

This explains why pineapple is not frequently prone to disease.

In the event that the plant presents itself with a particularly "subdued" appearance, without respecting the typical characteristics of floridity and luxuriance, then it means that there is some problem with regard to the cultivation technique used.

This is why it is always necessary to have in-depth technical knowledge on the crop you want to undertake, to make sure you know how to regulate and guarantee correct growth to the plant.



Salvia elegans cultivation

There Salvia elegans call Pineapple sage for the pleasant aroma of its leaves similar to that of the pineapple, it is a shrubby plant appreciated both for ornamental purposes to create very decorative borders and hedges and for culinary purposes for the preparation of first and second courses.

  • Characteristics Salvia elegans or Salvia Pineapple
  • Flowering of Salvia elegans
  • Salvia elegans cultivation
  • Exposure
  • Ground
  • Watering
  • Fertilization
  • Multiplication Salvia elegans
  • Multiplication by seed
  • Multiplication by cuttings
  • Pruning of Salvia elegans
  • Repotting Salvia elegans
  • Collection and edibility of leaves and flowers
  • Pests and diseases of Salvia elegans
  • Cures and treatments
  • Use of pineapple sage in the kitchen
  • Medicinal properties of pineapple sage
  • Curiosities about sage
  • Guides on the genus Salvia
  • Salvia variety photo gallery

Plant: pineapple tree

It looks like a bush, usually under one meter in height. It is a tropical plant (botanical name is Ananas comosus or Pineapple sativus) originally from Brazil and Colombia. In the central part, a rosette of leaves encloses the fruit we know, initially observable by the presence of ainflorescence purplish-red.

Pineapple plant species

The botanical species are numerous, but the best known and most widespread one that also produces the edible fruit of the same name is theAnanas comosus, originally from Colombia, with leaves of a beautiful shade of purple.

Ornamental pineapple plant

This variety, which we find most commonly in supermarkets, can also be used for ornamental purposes. For decorative purposes it is also possible to choose other species such asananas bracteatus or thepineapple ananasoides.

Pineapple plant flowers

The characteristic inflorescence at the top of the stem generally appears with the summer period. The fruit then develops from the flower surmounted by a tuft of dark green leaves.

Pineapple plant: fruit

Among the numerous varieties the comosus it is the only species to produce edible fruit. There are 7 different varieties, each with a particular taste. The 'Victoria' and 'Queen' cultivars produce the sweetest and most fragrant fruits, but 'Smooth Cayenne' is the most common on supermarket shelves, however, characterized by a more fibrous and acidulous fruit. The 'Bottle' variety is grown in Guadeloupe. Then there are the smooth Cayenne, the Spanish pineapple, Mordilonus-Perolera-Malpure, and the Pernambuco.

L'pineapple it develops in the apical part of the stem. Covered with a thorny peel, it is characterized by the hard core in the center and by the tasty sugary pulp, which grows around it.

The fruits of the ornamental varieties tend to be much smaller than those we are used to easily find in supermarkets or at the greengrocer's.

Ripening requires tropical temperatures. Therefore in Italy it is possible to favor maturation essentially inside adequately heated greenhouses.


What does it mean if my pineapple leaves turn yellow

Zinc deficiency causes a condition known as crookneck, which is classified as leaves that have deformed and grown waxy and brittle. The leaves also turn a light yellow due to this condition. The yellowing begins as small spots that turn into blisters that turn brown and sunken. The treatment for this condition consists of a 1 percent solution of zinc sulfate. However, the application should be applied with caution, as too much zinc sulfate could kill healthy leaves on plants.
Yellow Spot Virus

Yellow spot virus disease is transmitted by onion thrips and while it normally attacks members of the allium family, such as garlic and onion, it also attacks pineapple. The disease causes yellow stripping to appear on infected pineapple leaves. The only known treatment is to control the thrips that have caused the disease. The best way to keep them in check is to use insecticidal soap every couple of days. Soap should be applied to all plants in the surrounding garden as pests love to travel from plant to plant.
Shock transplant

Pineapples require transplanting annually in order to keep the soil clean and fresh. However, a pineapple's root system is easily damaged. The shock of the movement causes the leaves to yellow and die. This condition usually goes away after a few days it sheds a few leaves. It is possible to help the plant for a long time by giving it a vitamin B - 12 application.
Of humidity and temperature

Pineapples require high temperatures and humidity to grow healthy and strong. If pineapples are indoors, you can use a humidifier in the room to keep the leaves moist. If they dry out, it causes the leaf tips to yellow. The temperature must remain around 70 degrees Fahrenheit or warmer, something cold causes the leaves to turn yellow. It is best to keep pineapples away from windows when it starts to get colder outside.


Pineapple plant how to grow it

It can also be grown relatively easily in the home, especially to exploit its ornamental power. L'Ananas comosus appreciate acidic, rich and well-drained soils. It fears excess water and limestone. It needs avery bright exposure, but away from direct sunlight and drafts.

Watering must be constant, avoiding, however, exceeding the quantities. The plant does not tolerate water stagnation well, but it requires constant humidity. A layer of clay or gravel balls can then be placed on the bottom of the vase.

Irrigation must be carried out with non-calcareous water, at room temperature. In winter, wait for the soil to dry for a few inches before watering it. In summer, always keep the soil slightly moist.

Attention: the sharp and serrated leaves of the pineapple can cause injury.

Land for pineapple plant

The topsoil ideal it must be acidic and well drained, in order to avoid the risk of root rot.

How to fertilize the pineapple plant

This plant should be fertilized at least four times a year. It is recommended to use a fertilizer liquid that contains nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, magnesium and copper.

How to multiply the pineapple plant

For the multiplication of the plant you can proceed in two ways:

  • plant the sprouts at the time of repotting (early summer)
  • plant the crown of leaves overhanging the fruit after cutting it

Pineapple plant on the balcony

Arrangement on the balcony requires temperatures above 15 ° and good humidity conditions. We therefore do not recommend this choice during the autumn or winter period.

Pineapple plant in pot: care

Pineapple can also be grown in pots within the home. Preferring the humid climate, it is advisable to ensure that the temperature does not drop below 15 °.

Furthermore, it is preferable to guarantee exposure to light. This botanical variety loves to be sprayed on the leaves with the help of a spray bottle.

It is advisable to place it in the most experienced rooms of the house to ensure the best light exposure and ideal humidity conditions.


Pineapple: cultivation and care

☛ EXPOSURE: this plant should be kept in a very bright place both to offer it an ideal habitat and to enhance the variegated colors of the beautiful foliage.

☛ WATERING: in summer, wet the plant twice a week, in winter only 1 time is enough. Make sure that the water does not stagnate.

☛ TEMPERATURE: Pineapple wants warm climates around 18-21 ° C. It must also be kept away from drafts.

☛ FERTILIZATION: once a month add a little liquid fertilizer to the watering water. On the other hand, when the fruit is forming, it is good to fertilize once a week always with liquid fertilizer.

☛ REPOT: only in cases of need when it is evident that the plant is forced into a pot that is too small.

☛ SOIL: predominantly peaty loam mixed with sand.

☛ CLEANING: clean the leaves once a week with a damp sponge.

☛ DAMAGE DUE TO NON-PATHOGENIC CAUSES: if the tips of the leaves are dry, wet the soil and spray the leaves with non-cold water.

If you notice any rot where the plant is in contact with the ground, allow the plant to dry out and take it to a warmer place.

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Cultivating Pineapple

Updated on October 5, 2015

Pineapple is an epiphytic plant, part of the large Bromeliads family. The pineapple plant is native to South America and is thought to come, in particular, from the fertile and humid plains of Paraguay. Its cultivation was already practiced in the American continent before the arrival of the Europeans, it was custom that the inhabitants of these places, to celebrate the arrival of foreigners, adorn their homes with tufts of pineapple leaves and with its fruits as a symbol of friendship and hospitality.
Pineapple is one of the exotic fruits that Christopher Columbus brought to Europe.

It is known for its fruit, characterized by a brown skin, covered with thorns, inside which there is some sugary pulp which in turn surrounds the innermost, hard and fibrous part called the core or heart. At the end of the fruit there are hard leaves that retain water and provide nourishment to the plant. Depending on the variety, the fruit can vary in size, the weight varies between 1 and 5 kg. There are about one hundred varieties of pineapple in the world, all of which can be traced back to four groups: Cayenne, Spanish, Queen and Abacaxi. The light-fleshed and very sweet-tasting Cayenne is one of the most popular because it is particularly suitable for canning. The pineapple is grown both for its typical and tasty fruits, both as an ornamental plant, and for the production of some types of fibers, in all tropical regions, especially in the Ivory Coast, Costa Rica and Kenya.
The fruit has multiple beneficial properties, facilitates the digestion and assimilation of proteins by the body, and its juice is particularly suitable for treating diphtheria. It is also widely used in the kitchen, as it is a refreshing and very good food.

The ideal climate in which to cultivate the plant is typical of tropical countries, the majority of world pineapple production comes from South America and in particular from Costa Rica, Honduras, Brazil, Mexico, Ecuador, but also from Ghana, Cameroon, Kenya. , from the countries of Southeast Asia and from China, although it is also and above all cultivated in preheated greenhouses. In order for the fruit to ripen, a large amount of sunlight is needed. To produce fruit of standard size, the plant must reach a considerable size, that is about 2 meters in width and height.

To bury the pineapple plant, just bury part of the fruit, leaving the leaves at the apex out of the ground to see a new plant emerge. However, the times are not short, it will be necessary to wait from six months to a year and a half before the fruit fully ripens. It is important to make sure, before detaching the fruit from the plant, that it is completely ripe as it will not continue the process if separated from the plant and will be acidic.

In order to obtain a medium-sized pineapple, at least two cubic meters of soil will be required and each fruit must be at least one meter and eighty away from the other. The temperature is very important, to ripen at its best, at least 15 degrees and direct exposure to the sun's rays are required, it is important that watering is constant and that the soil is draining, especially in the warmer months. Although irrigation should be regular, it is good that it is never excessively abundant since the plant could have problems.

The pineapple needs regular fertilization, every month starting from spring and until the beginning of autumn the fertilizer must contain elements such as Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Potassium, Manganese, Iron, Copper, which are very important for the growth of the plant. In summer, flowers bloom in the center of the canopy of leaves. These, if dry, must be eliminated in order to avoid the presence of parasites, although it is not particularly prone to problems of this type.


Video: Pineapple growth time lapse